What is Melasma, hyperpigmention, or skin discoloration?

skin discolorationHow do I treat my brown spots or melasma on my face?
 
Melasma or hyperpigmentation of the skin is darkening of the dermis in spots or patches. Sometime patterns can be seen, it is called “mask of pregnancy”.
 
Both are caused by an overproduction of melanin in the skin. In Melasma, it may be hormonal, although it is not completely understood. In most other cases hyperpigmentation is a reaction to an insult to the skin. These insults may be, sun exposure both chronic or just a few burns.
 
Darkening of the skin or Melasma or hyperpigmention can be treated. A very specific strategy is required:
 
  1. Chemical peels designed for discoloration every 4 weeks.
  2. A regimen of : Retinoid, physical sunblock daily, Anti-oxidant, exfoliator & bleacher.
 
If one or more skin care products is left out, the patient will usually see very minimal improvement. If the patient does not obtain regular peels, the melasma, or discoloration will only decrease slightly.
 
Staying our of the sun is a must. Using sunblock daily is essential.

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